.

.

.

.

 THE ASSOCIATION

 

. 

 Write us

4, place Vauban

89630 Saint Léger Vauban

FRANCE

Tél. : 33(0)3 86 32 26 30

Fax : 33(0)3 86 32 28 80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

VAUBAN,  THE MILITARY ENGINEER

.

Fortifications | ArmamentArmy organisation | Bibliography

.

Vauban

Portrait of Vauban

  "Whatever he challenged fell, 

whatever he defended held"

 

Vauban joined the army at age 17, in the regiment of the prince of Condé (who was then fighting against the King).Two years later, he entered Louis XIV's service.

He got his royal engineer certificate when only 22, in 1655.

As a military engineer, Vauban did not rule the army : his task was to finalise town attacks and defence strategies. He studied a lot to improve his different methods. 

In 1673, he worked out a siege method he later used in Maestricht (Netherlands) for the first time. This method remained effective for the next two centuries.

This method is based upon :

  •  A methodical occupation of the ground

  •  A clever use of the artillery

  •  The care for loss of human life

.

Les Sapes d'après le Traité de l'attaque des places, planche VII

Sapping

Taken from Traité de l'attaque des places, 

Click to enlarge the picture

 

On the King's request and in order to defend the French kingdom, Vauban travelled all around the country. He built fortifications on weak sites such as the northern and south-east borders as well as the coastal areas. Eventually, Vauban built or modified more than 130 sites.

.

.

 

FORTIFIED TOWN " BUILT "

by Vauban still preserved

 

 

LILLE  
CAMARET CAMARET NEUF BRISACH LILLE ILE DE RE MONT DAUPHIN MONT LOUIS NEUF BRISACH
ILE DE RE MONT DAUPHIN
Mont Louis

Legend

click to enlarge picture

No pictures for  Mont Dauphin

 

.

FORTIFIED TOWN " MODIFIED"

by Vauban still preserved

 

 

   

CAMBRAI

BESANCON CAMBRAI

BESANCON

Legend

click to enlarge picture

.

 

Hommes et fusils à baïonnettes à douilles

Men with socket bayonets

Vauban is the designer of many inventions and military innovations, some of which are explained below.

Vauban studied artillery equipment and changed bronze-gun inner tubes for more resistant iron ones. He also provided the small curtains with airing chimneys to let fumes escape. He modified weapons , fitting out muskets with socket bayonets.

 

Plan-relief de Neuf-Brisach

Relief-map of Neuf-Brisach

In 1679, Vauban created the first pioneer and miners company.
He also created raised relief maps together with Louvois (Louis XIV's war minister) These scale-models ( scale 1/600) of major fortified places and towns are a very important source of information for the historains of geography and architecture. The models that remain today are displayed in the Invalides museum in Paris and the Beaux-Arts museum of Lille.

 

 

To learn more about Vauban, please refer to the bibliography :

 

 ¤ In Western regions :

  • Vauban and the Atlantic Coast

  • Vauban and his successors in Charente-Maritime

 ¤ In East southern regions : 

  • Vauban and the Alps

  • Vauban and his successors in the Haute Provence Alps

  • Vauban and his successors in the Briançonnais

¤ In West southern regions :

  • Vauban and the Roussillon

 ¤ In the North and the East regions : 

  • Vauban in Flandres and Artois

  • Vauban  in Franche-Comté

  • Vauban and his successors in Hainaut and Entre Sambre et Meuse

  • Vauban  and his successors in Belfort Territory

 

  Haut de la page

 

 

  4, place Vauban  89630 Saint Léger Vauban  ~ Tél. : 03 86 32 26 30 - Fax : 03 86 32 28 80

 | Écomusée du Morvan | Association  | Édition  | Diffusion  |  Accès et Tarifs  | Le village  | Citations  |  Nous contacter | Infos utiles |  

 | Homepage  | Association | Publications and Documents  | Our publishing | Acces & fare  | The village  | Contact us |

Copyright 2001 - 2010 © Écomusée Vauban  - -  Mise à jour / Update :  05/02/10